Characterization of an envelope protein 118L in invertebrate iridescent virus 6 (IIV6)


ALTUN B., Zengin K., Dabag S. Y., Yesilyurt A., NALÇACIOĞLU R., DEMİRBAĞ Z.

VIRUS GENES, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11262-024-02082-7
  • Journal Name: VIRUS GENES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Invertebrate iridescent virus 6 (IIV6) is a nucleocytoplasmic insect virus and a member of the family Iridoviridae. The IIV6 genome consists of 212,482 bp of linear dsDNA with 215 non-overlapping and putative protein-encoding ORFs. The IIV6 118L ORF is conserved in all sequenced members of the Iridoviridae and encodes a 515 amino acid protein with three predicted transmembrane domains and several N-glycosylation/N-myristoylation sites. In this study, we characterized the 118L ORF by both deleting it from the viral genome and silencing its expression with dsRNA in infected insect cells. The homologous recombination method was used to replace 118L ORF with the green fluorescent protein (gfp) gene. Virus mutants in which the 118L gene sequence had been replaced with gfp were identified by fluorescence microscopy but could not be propagated separately from the wild-type virus in insect cells. Unsuccessful attempts to isolate the mutant virus with the 118L gene deletion suggested that the protein is essential for virus replication. To support this result, we used dsRNA to target the 118L gene and showed that treatment resulted in a 99% reduction in virus titer. Subsequently, we demonstrated that 118L-specific antibodies produced against the 118L protein expressed in the baculovirus vector system were able to neutralize the virus infection. All these results indicate that 118L is a viral envelope protein that is required for the initiation of virus replication.