Fine needle aspiration biopsy is commonly used for pre operative evaluations of salivary gland masses. We would like to focus on this diagnostic tool for the salivary gland lesions by reviewing Ankara Oncology Hospital's case lists. Cytological and postoperatively histological reassessment is done for 115 cases. Fine needle aspiration biopsy's sensitivity was 80.8 %, specificity 95.1 %, positive predictive value was 84 % and negative predictive value was 93.9 %. False positive range was 4.9 % and false negative range was 19.2 %. Salivary gland masses can be assessed by cytology preoperatively.