Automated Model Updating Effect on the Linear and Nonlinear Dynamic Responses of Historical Masonry Structures


ALTUNIŞIK A. C. , OKUR F. Y. , GENÇ A. F. , Guenaydin M. , KARAHASAN O. Ş.

EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES, cilt.42, ss.605-621, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 42 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s40799-018-0271-0
  • Dergi Adı: EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.605-621

Özet

Finite element models supply the simulation of the problems to obtain the structural behaviors under different loading conditions. The updating processes based on changing the uncertain parameters such as material properties, boundary conditions, meshing size etc. are made to create actual finite element models in order to represent the real conditions of the problems. This procedure can be made using two methods, namely manual model updating and global/local automatic model updating. The global/local automatic model updating procedures are very popular owing to the applicability to all kind of engineering structures, minimizing the differences nearly to zero, availability of damage localization and structural health monitoring. In this paper a historical masonry armory building selected as an application and its finite element analyses, experimental measurements and automated model updating processes are carried out. The finite element model of the structures was developed with ANSYS software and first three natural frequencies are attained. The experimental dynamic characteristics such as natural frequencies, damping ratios and mode shapes are obtained using ambient vibration method. The differences between experimental and numerical frequencies are minimized up to the range of 0-1%, by using local updating procedure. The linear and nonlinear seismic analyses of the building are conducted on initial and updated models. At the end of the analyses, maximum displacements, principal stresses and strains are given with detail. In addition, crack distributions diagrams are attained to validate the stresses accumulation points. It can be seen that there is an increasing trend in the displacement, stress and strain values after finite element model updating both linear and nonlinear analysis. In addition, linear and nonlinear analysis results are compared with each other to evaluate the nonlinear analysis effect. It is concluded that the displacement and strain values are increased after nonlinear analysis. But, there is not any agreement in stress values.