Polyphenol oxidase activity and antioxidant properties of Yomra apple (Malus communis L.) from Turkey


Can Z., DİNÇER B., Şahin H., BALTAŞ N., YILDIZ O. , KOLAYLI S.

JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, cilt.29, ss.829-835, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3109/14756366.2013.858144
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.829-835

Özet

In this study, firstly, antioxidant and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) properties of Yomra apple were investigated. Seventeen phenolic constituents were measured by reverse phase-high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Total phenolic compounds (TPCs), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging activities were performed to measure antioxidant capacity. Some kinetic parameters (K-m, V-max), and inhibition behaviors against five different substrates were measured in the crude extract. Catechin and chlorogenic acid were found as the major components in the methanolic extract, while ferulic acid, caffeic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, quercetin and p-coumaric acid were small quantities. K-m values ranged from 0.70 to 10.10 mM in the substrates, and also 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid (HPPA) and L-DOPA showed the highest affinity. The inhibition constant of K-i were ranged from 0.05 to 14.90 mM against sodium metabisulphite, ascorbic acid, sodium azide and benzoic acid, while ascorbic acid and sodium metabisulphite were the best inhibitors.