Mantle melting models of the Kizildag ophiolite in SE Turkey: Two types of partial melting processes in the oceanic upper mantle of southern Neo-Tethys


Chen C., Su B., Wang C. Y. , UYSAL İ. , Yao Z.

LITHOS, vol.398, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 398
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lithos.2021.106348
  • Title of Journal : LITHOS
  • Keywords: Forearc basalt, Boninitic melt, Polybaric continuous melting, Flux-melting, TRACE-ELEMENT COMPOSITION, POZANTI-KARSANTI OPHIOLITE, TROODOS OPHIOLITE, SUBDUCTION INITIATION, MINERAL CHEMISTRY, ADIABATIC DECOMPRESSION, MERSIN OPHIOLITE, HATAY OPHIOLITE, OMAN OPHIOLITE, MAFIC DYKES

Abstract

Many ophiolites in southern Neo-Tethys contain complete lithologic sequences, with the dikes and lavas commonly having highly variable geochemical compositions. In this study, we examine the sheeted dikes and layered and isotropic gabbros of the Kizildag ophiolite (southern Turkey) and suggest that the compositional variations of the rocks are likely related to melting models of the mantle. The sheeted dikes and gabbros of the ophiolite have 206Pb/204Pb(90 Ma) of 17.765-19.361, 207Pb/204Pb(90 Ma) of 15.570-15.665 and 208Pb/204Pb(90 Ma) of 37.812-39.269, straddling the fields of Indian Ocean MORB and modern marine sediments. The sheeted dikes have low rare earth element (REE) concentrations and LaN/YbN ratios (e.g., Yb < 2.5 ppm and LaN/YbN of 0.33 to 0.62 on average), comparable with those of forearc basalt (FAB), except for a few samples whose trace element concentrations and patterns are similar to those of boninite. All the studied samples have positive anomalies of large ion lithophile elements (LILE) (e.g., Rb, Ba, Th, U and Sr) on a N-MORB-normalized trace element diagram and show considerable scatter on the plot of Th/Yb vs. Nb/Yb, which is attributed to involvement of slab-derived melts/fluids in a protoarc-forearc setting. Thermodynamic modelling results suggest that the parental magmas of the sheeted dikes were combined melts derived by both polybaric continuous melting (<10%) and flux-melting (<25%) of the mantle wedge during subduction initiation. In contrast, clinopyroxene and plagioclase in the layered and isotropic gabbros have compositions similar to those of boninite. The gabbro compositions can be simulated by batch crystallization of the boninitic melts, and the relatively high trace element concentrations of some isotropic gabbros likely reflect a high fraction of interstitial liquid in the crystal mush. Thus, we propose that the compositional variations of the sheeted dikes reflect two types of mantle melting, and that the gabbros were produced by subsequent crystallization within a crystal mush having variable fractions of interstitial liquid. Not only can such complex magmatic processes explain the observed compositional variations of dikes and lavas of the Kizildag ophiolite, but may be appliable to other ophiolites in southern Neo-Tethys, such as the Lycian, Pozanti-Karsanti and Troodos massifs.