Performance evaluation of IEEE 802.15.7 CSK modulation under blue shift effect of optical receiver filters

Kucuk M. A., Türk K.

PHYSICAL COMMUNICATION, vol.49, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.phycom.2021.101481
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Visible light communication (VLC), Color shift keying (CSK), Blue shift effect, Optical filter, COMMUNICATION, SPECTRA
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, the use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in lighting, which has higher energy efficiency and longer-lasting environmentally friendly lighting compared to conventional lighting devices, has accelerated the development of a promising new technology for short-range wireless optical transmission called visible light communication (VLC). Besides other applications, VLC switches the LEDs at very high speeds to simultaneously realize indoor lighting and data transmission. But the intensity and color of the lighting may vary because of data transmission. Color shift keying (CSK) modulation defined in the IEEE 802.15.7 VLC standard guarantees constant light intensity and color. The CSK receiver uses a band-pass optical filter to separate the light channels. However, the transition band of optical filters shifts towards the blue wavelength depending on the incidence angle of the light which is called the blue shift effect. In this paper, the performance of the CSK receiver is investigated for the first time under the blue shift effect in the case of single and multiple transmitter LED cells. The numerical results show that the blue shift effect significantly decreases system performance. To eliminate the distorting effect, various methods and an adaptive equalizer-based CSK receiver are proposed. The proposed structures provide notable improvement. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.