Atrial conduction times and left atrium mechanical functions in patients with active acromegaly


ILTER A., KIRIS A. , KAPLAN S. , KUTLU M. , SAHIN M., EREM C. , ...More

ENDOCRINE, vol.48, no.2, pp.653-660, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12020-014-0348-1
  • Title of Journal : ENDOCRINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.653-660

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate atrial electromechanical delay (EMD), P wave dispersion (Pwd), and left atrial (LA) mechanical functions in patients with active acromegaly. Twenty-three patients with active acromegaly and 27 age- and sex-matched controls were included in this study. All atrial electromechanical interval parameters (PA lateral, PA septum, PA tricuspid, interatrial EMD, intra-LA EMD, and intra-right atrial EMD) were measured from mitral lateral annulus, mitral septal annulus, and right ventricular tricuspid annulus by tissue Doppler imaging. LA volumes were measured by the disk method in the apical four-chamber view and were indexed to the body surface area. Mechanical function parameters of LA were calculated. Pwd was performed by 12-lead electrocardiograms. Atrial electromechanical intervals (PA lateral, PA septum, PA tricuspid, interatrial EMD, intra-LA EMD, and intra-right atrial EMD) and Pwd were similar between patients with acromegaly and control subjects (all p > 0.05). LA volumes (maximum, minimum, and presystolic) and LA mechanical functions were not significantly different between the groups (all p > 0.05). Additionally, serum levels of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 were not correlated with atrial electromechanical parameters and LA mechanical functions. Atrial electrical conduction times were not prolonged and LA mechanical functions were not impaired in patients with active acromegaly compared with controls. And the prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmia risk may not increase in this population.