Development of National Action Plan to address pollution from land based activities in Turkey

Avaz G., Murat S., Atasoy E., Dogan O., Tolun L., Karakoc F. T., ...More

Workshop on Sustainable Use and Development of Watersheds for Human Security and Peace, İstanbul, Turkey, 22 - 26 October 2007, pp.385-401 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-1-4020-8558-1_24
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.385-401
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea signed the Barcelona Convention (1976) and Bucharest Convention (1992) respectively and Turkey is the one of the contracting parties for both of them. In this content, they formed the "Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP)" and "Black Sea Environment Programme" to control water pollution in the Mediterranean and Black Sea, respectively. To achieve this goal, each region formed their Land Based Sources Strategic Action Programme (LBS SAP) in the second part of the 1990s within the framework of the Land Based Sources Protocols (LBS Protocol) which are sub protocols of the Barcelona Convention and Bucharest Convention. These programmes define the major land based environmental problems and proposed solutions to the problems and set the deadlines to perform the necessary tasks. In the line with LBS SAP's, Mediterranean countries have been already developed their "National Action Plan's for Land Based Sources (LBS NAP) in 2005.