BILIMNAME, vol.31, no.2, pp.205-226, 2016 (ESCI)
The problem of which factors played an effective role in the emergence of modern thinking has been a significant debate in the history of philosophy. In this regard, it has been focused on philosophical, political, economic and similar causes. Although modern thinking usually tends to deny what preceded it through its epistemological claims it has put forward, it must be noted that "the modern" is consequently an outcome of Medieval Age, and all these factors stem from some developments that took place during this time period. It can be argued that this became more salient regarding perception of God, and particularly the existence and knowledge of God in the context of basic theological claims.