2,2'-(4,4'(Butane-1,4-diyl/hexane-1,6-diyl) bis(3-methyl-5-oxo-4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-triazole-4,1-diyl)) diacetohydrazides 3a,b were obtained via the formation of diethyl 2,2'-(4,4'(butane-1,4-diyl/hexane-1,6-diyl) bis(3-methyl-5-oxo-4,5-dihydro-1,2,4-triazole-4,1-diyl))diacetates 2a,b, obtained starting from di-[3(methyl-2-yl-methyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,4]-triazole-5-one-4yl]-n-alkanes 1a,b in two steps. The synthesis of the compounds 7a,b-9a,b incorporating the 1,3,4-thiadiazole, and 10a,b-11a,b with a 1,2,4-triazole-thiol nucleus as the second heterocycle, was performed by the acidic or basic treatment of compounds 4a,b-6a,b which were obtained from the reaction of 3a,b with several isothiocyanates. Newly synthesized compounds were screened for antimicrobial activities and their antioxidant properties by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging method. Compounds 4a,b, 5a,b, and 6a,b were found to possess good antioxidant properties. Almost all compounds have significant antimicrobial activities.