Violation of Grice's Cooperative Principle in Nasrettin Hodja Anecdotes


MILLI FOLKLOR, no.109, pp.141-152, 2016 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 109
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-152
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Nasrettin Hodja has left a mark in collective memory of Turkish nation for centuries as a mentor. Nasrettin Hodja is a universal anecdote type, who testifies to the common problems of all people. Folk satirizes cruel, unfair, false, greedy, opportunistic and many more negative types through him. Wievpoint in the anecdotes that satirizes all kinds of cruelty, makes them universal. However, language of humor in the anecdotes also has an effect. Instead, anecdotes use methods that easily translate the funny affect in the source language to the target language. Violating Grice's Cooperative Principle is one of these methods. This principle is that expression should be suitable for the aim of conversation, said at the required time and to the extent necessary. There are four sub principles of this principle. These are the principles quantity, quality, relevance and manner. According to maxim of quantity, speaker's contribution should be as informative as is required, no more or less. According to maxim of quality, speaker should not say something that he/she believes to have wrong or insufficient information. According to maxim of relevance, speakers should not go off topic, should not say something irrelevant. Maxim of manner is about clarity of expression. The speech should be brief, without any blurriness and should follow a certain plan. Violation of this principle in Nasrettin Hodja anecdotes helps create humor. In this work, we will try to describe how this violation is occurs in the humor creation process of the anecdotes.