The authors report a 48-year-old white male with lung cancer who was admitted to their clinic with a 1-year history of cough and shortness of breath. The patient was hospitalized because of progression of his complaints over 1 month. On the 3rd day of hospitalization, he expectorated a piece of gauze. The authors performed a fiber-optic bronchoscopy and saw pieces of gauze originating from granulation tissue located in the angle of the lower trachea and left main bronchi. A detailed anamnesis revealed that a mediastinoscopy had been performed 3 years ago for lung cancer staging: the gauze had migrated from the mediastinum to the endobrochial space. Copyright (C) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.