Response of TiO<sub>2</sub>/MWCNT/B<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> gas sensor to hydrogen using different organic binder


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Chachuli S. A. M., Hamidon M. N., Mamat M. S., ERTUĞRUL M., Abdullah N. H.

MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, vol.99, pp.140-148, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

A binder influences the sensitivity, resistivity and optimal operating temperature of a gas sensor, which plays an important role in gas sensing. This work compared the sensitivity of the TiO2/MWCNT/B2O3 gas sensor to hydrogen with the addition of different organic binders, namely linseed oil and ethyl cellulose, to TiO2/MWCNT/B2O3 paste. Both pastes were deposited on alumina substrate using the screen-printing method and annealed at 500 degrees C. The sensing films of gas sensor, OBL and OBE were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Energy dispersive x-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) Raman Spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The gas sensors were also exposed to different concentrations of hydrogen (100-1000 ppm) at various operating temperature (100 degrees C, 200 degrees C and 300 degrees C). The obtained results revealed that ethyl cellulose-based gas sensor achieves better sensitivity, whereas linseed oil-based gas sensor has better conductivity and recovery characteristic.