Apical extrusion of intracanal bacteria following use of various instrumentation techniques

Kustarci A., Akpinar K. E., Suemer Z., Er K., Bek B.

INTERNATIONAL ENDODONTIC JOURNAL, vol.41, no.12, pp.1066-1071, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


To evaluate the number of bacteria extruded apically from extracted teeth ex vivo after canal instrumentation using a manual technique and three engine-driven techniques utilizing nickel-titanium instruments (K3, RaCe, and FlexMaster).