Validity and Reliability Study of the Violence Prevention Climate Scale

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DURSUN S., Basol O., Aytac S.

JOURNAL OF ECONOMY CULTURE AND SOCIETY, no.62, pp.209-225, 2020 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/jecs2019-0104
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.209-225
  • Keywords: Violation, violence prevention climate, scale, validity, reliability, WORKPLACE PHYSICAL VIOLENCE, SAFETY CLIMATE, AGGRESSION, WORK, PERCEPTIONS, SETTINGS, THREATS
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Exposure to workplace violence increases employees' levels of stress, depression, anxiety and burnout and decreases the productivity of the organization. The violence prevention climate refers to the perceptions of employees about organizational policies, procedures and practices relevant to eliminating and controlling violence or aggression in the workplace. The violence prevention climate is an important concept both in the emergence of different types of violence in the workplace and its effects on employees. Therefore, it is important to measure the violence prevention climate. In this context, this research aims to adapt the Violence Prevention Climate Scale, developed by Kessler et. al., into the Turkish language. According to the results of the research conducted with the participation of 279 private-sector employees, the total explained variance was determined as 72.45%. According to the confirmatory factor analysis results, the scale consists of 18 items and 3 factors as in the original (Chi-square/df: 3.78; RMSEA: 0.073; NFI: 0.95; NNFI: 0.96; CFI: 0.96; GFI: 0.90 and AGFI: 0.85). The internal consistency of the scale was calculated as 0.924 and item-total correlations ranged between 0.375 and 0.752. As a result, it was concluded that the violence prevention climate scale is valid and reliable for Turkish society.