A KUBREVI DERWISH DURING THE MONGOLIAN INVASION: SOME EVALUATIONS ON MEDIEVAL ANATOLIA FROM NECMEDDIN-I DAYE'S EYES


YILMAZ E.

SELCUK UNIVERSITESI TURKIYAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-SELCUK UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF STUDIES IN TURCOLOGY, no.54, pp.45-62, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

Abstract

Despite the general evaluations that the migrations caused by the Mongolian destruction of the towns, cities and states had become very influential on the Anatolian sufism, the thorough investigation of this process has not been adequately elucidated upon. In the same regard, the question of which sheikhs and derwishes found their way to Anatolia from Central Asia as a result of the Mongolian invasions has not been decidedly answered. Another issue waiting for a comprehensive analysis is what kind of the power, society and tasawwuf structure that these sheikhs and derwishes encountered and how these groups transformed the religious and sufi aspects of the society. This study seeks the answers to the questions and issues above by taking Kubrevi derwish Necmeddin-i Daye's life and Anatolian adventure into consideration. In his work titled Mirsadu'l-Ibad dedicated to the Seljukid ruler Alaeddin Keykubad, Daye narrated what he experienced during the Mongols period, why he migrated to Anatolia, and which route he passed during the migration. In this respect, his accounts are distinctive. Another aspect that underlines his peculiarity as a source is that his accounts reveal some significant elaborations on the Anatolian sufi life. In another work titled Mermuzat-i Esedi, and dedicated to the sovereign of Erzincan Alaeedin Davudsah, Daye told the story of why he left Anatolia where he came to start a new life. Although his descriptions of the events and the situations in this work were subjective in some aspects, they contribute to our understanding of the aforementioned structures in Medieval Anatolia from the perspective of a derwish. In this sense, every line in the scope of this subject he revealed carries significance distinctively. In this study, in addition to contemporary and modern research, some aspects of the story that are waiting for an answer were tried to be clarified, based on menakbnames considered as the sources of cultural history.