The combined effects of boron and oil heat treatment on beech and Scots pine wood properties. Part 1: Boron leaching, thermogravimetric analysis, and chemical composition

Tomak E. D., Hughes M., YILDIZ Ü. C., Viitanen H.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.46, no.3, pp.598-607, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10853-010-4859-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.598-607
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the study was to screen any possible synergistic effect available with combination of plant oils and boron compounds to decrease boron leaching and improve thermal degradation of wood by means of dual treatment. In order to reduce the leachability of boron compounds, sapwood of beech and Scots pine samples were treated with oils to create a hydrophobic layer on the wood cells that may prevent water uptake. Increase (%) of boron retained in double-treated samples after leaching was approximately 20% compared to boron-treated samples without oil. The most promising results on boron leaching obtained in the case of using waste and sunflower oil. Thermogravimetric residues were increased by the higher loading of boron compounds in double-treated samples. Spectra of FTIR-Photoacoustic spectrometer showed some deformation of lignin and cellulose followed by degradation of hemicelluloses of treated wood samples due to heat effect at 160 degrees C.