Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, vol.4031, pp.500-509, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
Human identification at a distance by analysis of gait patterns extracted from video has recently become very popular research in biometrics. This paper presents multi-projections based approach to extract gait patterns for human recognition. Binarized silhouette of a motion object is represented by 1-D signals which are the basic image features called the distance vectors. The distance vectors are differences between the bounding box and silhouette, and extracted using four projections to silhouette. Based on normalized correlation on the distance vectors, gait cycle estimation is first performed to extract the gait cycle. Second, eigenspace transformation is applied to time-varying distance vectors and the statistical distance based supervised pattern classification is then performed in the lower-dimensional eigenspace for human identification. A fusion strategy developed is finally executed to produce final decision. Experimental results on four databases demonstrate that the right person in top two matches 100% of the times for the cases where training and testing sets corresponds to the same walking styles, and in top three-four matches 100% of the times for training and testing sets corresponds to the different walking styles.