Equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic investigations for biosorption of uranium with green algae (Cladophora hutchinsiae)


JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY, vol.175, pp.7-14, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 175
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.04.004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.7-14
  • Keywords: Green algae, C. hutchinsiae, Biosorption, Uranium, Isotherm, Equilibrium, Kinetics, Thermodynamics, AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS, BROWN-ALGAE, METAL-IONS, REMOVAL, ADSORPTION, RECOVERY, SORPTION, SAMPLES, LEAD
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Removal of toxic chemicals from environmental samples with low-cost methods and materials are very useful approach for especially large-scale applications. Green algae are highly abundant biomaterials which are employed as useful biosorbents in many studies. In the present study, an interesting type of green algae, Cladophora hutchinsiae (C. hutchinsiae) was used for removal of highly toxic chemical such as uranium. The pH, biosorbent concentration, contact time and temperature were optimized as 5.0, 12 g/L, 60 min and 20 degrees C, respectively. For the equilibrium calculations, three well known isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich) were employed. The maximum biosorption capacity of the biosorbent was calculated as about 152 mg/g under the optimum batch conditions. The mean energy of biosorption was calculated as 8.39 kJ/mol from the D-R biosorption isotherm. The thermodynamic and kinetic characteristics of biosorption were also investigated to explain the nature of the process. The kinetic data best fits the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with a regression coefficient of > 0.99 for all studied temperatures. The calculated Delta H degrees and Delta G degrees values showed that the biosorption process is exothermic and spontaneous for temperatures between 293 and 333 K. Furthermore, after seven cycling process, the sorption and desorption efficiencies of the biosorbent were found to be 70, and 58%, respectively meaning that the biosorbent had sufficiently high reusability performance as a cleanup tool. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.