Clinical and Demographic Characteristics of Pemphigus Vulgaris Patients.

Altun E. , YAYLI S. , SELCUK L. , Aricap D. A. , Bahadir S.

Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica : ADC, vol.26, no.2, pp.119-125, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Title of Journal : Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica : ADC
  • Page Numbers: pp.119-125


Pemphigus is an autoimmune disease characterized by intraepithelial bullae and erosions in the skin and mucosa. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and demographic characteristics of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) patients who presented to our Department. Patients who presented to our Department between May 2013 and May 2014, were examined dermatologically and diagnosed with PV based on clinical, histological and direct immunofluorescent findings. Name, family name, and gender of the patients, their complaint at presentation, onset time and location of the lesions, the number of lesions, systemic treatments received by patients and patients' medication histories were recorded. Forty-nine PV patients were included in our study. Among these, 22 (44.9%) were female and 27 (55.1%) male. The mean age of the patients was 53.28 +/- 14.70 (range 23 to 79) years. The mean duration of the disease was 44.45 +/- 45.68 (range 1 to 180) months. The most common complaints at presentation were lesion in the mouth (47/49) and lesion/blister in the skin (39/49). The onset locations of the lesions were the oropharynx (63.3%), the skin and oropharynx combined (16.3%), the skin (18.4%) and the anus (2%). The chronological order for the sites of involvement were as follows: first the oropharynx then the skin (42.9%), first the skin then the oropharynx (18.4%), and the oropharynx and the skin combined (16.3%). Ten patients (20.4%) had mucosal involvement and one (2%) had skin involvement alone, whereas both mucosal and skin involvements were observed in 38 patients (77.6%). Forty-seven patients (95.9%) had not used any medications that could have led to pemphigus. One patient had a history of beta-blocker use and another had a history of ACE inhibitor prior to the emergence of the pemphigus lesions. The clinical and demographic results of the PV patients in our region were consistent with those from other studies.