Artificial neural network-based prediction technique for coating thickness in Fe-Al coatings fabricated by mechanical milling


VAROL T., ÇANAKÇI A., ÖZŞAHİN Ş., ERDEMİR F., ÖZKAYA S.

PARTICULATE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.36, no.6, pp.742-750, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02726351.2017.1301607
  • Journal Name: PARTICULATE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.742-750
  • Keywords: Artificial neural network, coating, coating thickness, Fe-Al intermetallics, mechanical milling, NANO-CRYSTALLINE NICKEL, PROCESS-CONTROL AGENT, ALLOYING METHOD, IRON ALUMINIDES, COMPOSITE, KINETICS, BEHAVIOR, POWDERS, MICROSTRUCTURE, EVOLUTION

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of milling time, milling speed and particle size of initial powders on the coating thickness of Fe-Al intermetallic coating by using artificial neural network (ANN). Coating morphology and cross-section microstructures were evaluated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). It was found that an increase in the milling time provided an increase in the coating-layer thickness due to the cold welding process between particles and the steel substrate. The microstructure of the coating surface was refined by ball impacts in the milling process. As a result of this study, the ANN was found to be successful for predicting the coating thickness of Fe-Al intermetallic coatings. The correlation between the predicted values and the experimental data of the feed-forward back-propagation ANN was quite adequate. The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) for the predicted values didn't exceed 7.46%. The ANN model can be used for predicting the coating thickness of Fe-Al intermetallic coating produced for different milling time, milling speed and particle size.