Turkey's demand for energy and electricity is increasing rapidly and heavily dependent on expensive imported energy resources that place a big burden on the economy. As would be expected, the rapid expansion of energy production and consumption has brought with it a wide range of environmental issues at local, regional and global levels. Air pollution, for example, is becoming a great environmental concern in the country. With respect to global environmental issues, Turkey's carbon dioxide emissions have grown along with its energy consumption. States have played a leading role in protecting the environment by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions for clean and sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of these renewable energy sources. This article presents a review of the sustainable energy policies, potential and utilization of the renewable energy sources in Turkey.