In this study, we investigated 17 different phenolic constituents and total antioxidant properties of cherry laurel, Laurocerasus officinalis Roem (family Rosaceae), locally named karayemis or taflan, a summer fruit highly characteristic of the Black Sea region. Phenolic constituents were measured by reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids, ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP), cupric ion reducing capacity (CUPRAC) and 2,2-diphenly-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical methods were used to evaluate the antioxidant capacity. The total phenolics and total flavonoids were found to be 1.094 g GAE/100 g DW and 0.080 g QUE/100 g DW, respectively. Chlorogenic acid was found, that is, the main phenolic component of the methanolic extract of the fruit. Gallic, protocatechuic acid, p-OH benzoic acid, chlorogenic acid, vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic, syringic, cathechin and rutin were detected in the samples, while caffeic acid, benzoic acid, o-coumaric acid, abscisic acid, trans-cinnamic acid, epicathecin and quercetin were not detected. The results indicate that cherry laurel fruits proved to be a good source of antioxidant that might serve to protect humans from several diseases.