The wear and arc erosion behavior of novel copper based functionally graded electrical contact materials fabricated by hot pressing assisted electroless plating


GÜLER O. , VAROL T. , ALVER Ü. , BIYIK S.

Advanced Powder Technology, vol.32, pp.2873-2890, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apt.2021.05.053
  • Title of Journal : Advanced Powder Technology
  • Page Numbers: pp.2873-2890
  • Keywords: Functionally graded materials, Electrical contacts, Wear, Arc-erosion behavior, Electroless plating, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, COMPOSITES, MICROSTRUCTURE, CONDUCTIVITY, MORPHOLOGY, PROPERTY, FRICTION

Abstract

© 2021 The Society of Powder Technology JapanIn this study, hot pressing was used to fabricate the novel copper based functionally graded electrical contact materials synthesized by silver, nickel and chrome plated copper core particles. For the fabrication of functionally graded materials (FGMs) by hot-pressing; pure copper, two and three layered metallic powders were used in the lower, middle and upper layer, respectively. The wear and arc-erosion performances of the developed materials increased from 3 to 10 times as compared to that of pure copper. Wear tests showed that the abrasive wear mechanism was dominant for the FGMs including electroless nickel and chromium coating layer. The highest specific wear rate (SWR) value was found in Cuf-Ag′ (4.9 × 10−4 mm3/Nm) materials under the load of 20 N while the lowest SWR value belongs to Cuf-Ag-Ni′ (2.3 × 10−4 mm3/Nm) materials under the load of 10 N. While severely melted and deformed regions are dominant on arc erosion surfaces of pure copper and copper-silver containing contacts, flatter and relatively less melted regions were detected on the surfaces of FGMs containing nickel and chromium. The arc-erosion loss values (cm3 × 10−4) measured for FGM1 sample were 0.75 and 0.70, 0.99 and 0.88, 1.21 and 1.04 at 3000 cycles under the current of 5 A, 10 A and 15 A in fixed and moving contacts, respectively.