Provinces that were turned into Districts in the Civil Administration History of the Republic of Turkey

Çolak Ç., Çolak D.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.19, no.37, pp.1-35, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 37
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-35
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Studies on the division of the civil administration during the Republican period usually focus on the increase in the number of provinces over time, i.e. the elevation of some districts to the status of provinces according to certain criteria. Unlike previous researches, this study focuses on a group of cities (Beyoglu, uskudar, catalca, Ergani, Gelibolu, Genc, Kozan, Siverek, Dogubayazt, Silifke, Sebinkarahisar) that were transformed into districts during the Republican period and were not subsequently elevated back to the status of provinces. The aim of the research is to determine the extent to which the arguments put forward during the process of converting these eleven cities from provinces to districts conform to the requirements for provincial status set out in the legislation. In this regard, the research first examines the legacy of administrative divisions inherited from the Ottoman Empire and then the adventure of administrative division during the Republican era. The research's findings are then presented using historical records, government publications, institutional reports, and scientific studies.The findings show that the two fundamental conditions outlined in the legislation - geographical location and economic conditions - were decisive in determining in the transformation of eleven provinces, which were not restored to the status of provinces in the Republican period, into districts. However, in addition to that, the findings also demonstrate that criteria such as population, area, infrastructure, inadequacy of local administration, and military organization played a significant role in the administrative division.