Non-aggregated zwitterionic Zinc(II) phthalocyanine complexes in water with high singlet oxygen quantum yield


DYES AND PIGMENTS, vol.160, pp.267-284, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 160
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.dyepig.2018.08.019
  • Journal Name: DYES AND PIGMENTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.267-284


Syntheses of non-peripheral (4) and peripheral (5) 2-(4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-5-yflethanol substituted zinc (II) phthalocyanines were achieved in this study. These zinc(II) phthalocyanines were converted to their quaternized ionic (4a and 5a) and zwitterionic (4b and 5b) derivatives. The structures of these novel compounds were characterized by elemental analysis and different spectroscopic methods such as FT-IR, UV-Vis, NMR and mass. General trends were examined for aggregation behaviours, photochemical and photophysical properties of the non-ionic zinc (II) phthalocyanines (4 and 5) in DMSO and their water soluble cationic (4a and 5a) and zwitterionic (4b and 5b) derivatives in both of DMSO and phosphate solution (PBS). The effect of different position and quaternization or zwitterionization of the binding groups on the photophysical and photochemical properties were also announced. Water soluble zwitterionic compound 4b exhibited very high singlet oxygen generation which makes it ideal photosensitizer in treatment of cancer by photodynamic therapy method. The fluorescence of the tetra-substituted zinc (II) phthalocyanines (4 and 5) are effectively quenched by addition of 1,4-benzoquinone (BQ). Furthermore, the water soluble phthalocyanine derivatives (4a, 5a, 4b and 5b) can bind to bovine serum albumin (BSA) which is a blood plasma protein.