Purpose: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is an irreversible and progressive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by the progressive loss of cognitive functions, behavioral and psychological disorders and a decrease in daily routine activities. Among people aged 65 years and over, AD is steadily increasing. Genome-wide association studies have shown that various gene polymorphisms are highly associated with the pathogenesis of AD. Among them, ABCA7 gene polymorphism has been identified as one of the genetic risks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among ABCA7 gene polymorphism, rs3764650 and AD, and to determine if it could be use as a biomarker for AD susceptibility in the Turkish population.