Novel Superconducting Joints for Persistent Mode Magnet Applications

Mousavi T., Darby W., AKSOY C., Davies T., Brittles G., Grovenor C., ...More

MRS ADVANCES, vol.1, no.51, pp.3483-3488, 2016 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 51
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1557/adv.2016.435
  • Journal Name: MRS ADVANCES
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3483-3488
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Persistent current joints are a critical component of commercial superconducting magnets. The standard jointing method widely used in the magnet industry for technological low temperature superconducting wires such as NbTi and Nb3Sn wires uses a superconducting solder (e.g. PbBi). In these joints the physical and superconducting properties of the solder materials inevitably play an important role in the overall performance of the joint. Key requirements for superconducting solders include low melting point to prevent degradation of the superconducting filaments during joining, good wettability of the superconducting filaments, suitable liquid phase viscosity, and finally adequate superconducting properties to enable sufficient supercurrent to pass through the joint under typical operating conditions (typically at 4.2K in a field of 1 T for an MRI magnet). PbBi solder satisfies all these criteria, but restrictions on the use of lead in the magnet industry are expected in the relatively near future, so new lead-free jointing techniques need to be developed.