Novel Superconducting Joints for Persistent Mode Magnet Applications

Mousavi T., Darby W., AKSOY C. , Davies T., Brittles G., Grovenor C., ...Daha Fazla

MRS ADVANCES, cilt.1, ss.3483-3488, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 1 Konu: 51
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1557/adv.2016.435
  • Dergi Adı: MRS ADVANCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3483-3488


Persistent current joints are a critical component of commercial superconducting magnets. The standard jointing method widely used in the magnet industry for technological low temperature superconducting wires such as NbTi and Nb3Sn wires uses a superconducting solder (e.g. PbBi). In these joints the physical and superconducting properties of the solder materials inevitably play an important role in the overall performance of the joint. Key requirements for superconducting solders include low melting point to prevent degradation of the superconducting filaments during joining, good wettability of the superconducting filaments, suitable liquid phase viscosity, and finally adequate superconducting properties to enable sufficient supercurrent to pass through the joint under typical operating conditions (typically at 4.2K in a field of 1 T for an MRI magnet). PbBi solder satisfies all these criteria, but restrictions on the use of lead in the magnet industry are expected in the relatively near future, so new lead-free jointing techniques need to be developed.