Pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 2 (PYCR2) deficiency causes hereditary spastic paraplaegia in late childhood

Sager G., TÜRKYILMAZ A., Gunbey H. P., Tas I., Ozhelvaci F., Akin Y.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY, vol.44, pp.51-56, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2023.04.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.51-56
  • Keywords: Gene, Hereditary spastic paraplegia, PYCR2, Spastic
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: PYCR2 gene variants are extremely rare condition which is associated with hypomyelinating leukodystrophy type 10 with microcephaly (HLD10). The aim of the present study is to report the clinical findings of patients having novel PYCR2 gene variant that manifest Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) is the only symptom without hypomyelinating leukodystrophy. This is the first study that report the PYCR2 gene variants as a cause of HSP in late childhood. We believe it can contribute to expanding the spectrum of the phenotypes associated with PYCR2.Methods: It is a retrospective study. Of the patients with similar clinical features from two related families, "patient 1" was designated as the index case, and was analyzed using Whole Exome Squence analysis (WES). The detected variation was investigated in the index case's parents, relatives, and sibling with a similar phenotype. Clinical, brain magnetic resonance (MR) images and MR spectroscopic findings of the patients were reported.Results: A novel homozygous missense (NM_013328: c.383T > C, p.V128A) variant in the PYCR2 gene is detected in 5 patient from 2 related families. All the patients were male, their ages ranges from 6 to 26 years (15.58 +/- 8,33 yrs). Developmantal milestones were normal without dysmorphic features. 4 (%80) patients exhibit mild intention tremor started at the age of approximately 6 years of age. 4 (%80) patients had gait difficulty and progressive lower limb spasticity started at the age of 8-12 years. White matter myelination was normal in all patients. Glycine peakes were detected on the MR spectroscopy in all patients.Conclusion: Some variants of PYCR2 gene are responsible for causing clinical features of HSP without hypomyelinating leukodystrophy in the pediatric patients.