Geochronology, geochemistry, and petrogenesis of the Macka subvolcanic intrusions: implications for the Late Cretaceous magmatic and geodynamic evolution of the eastern part of the Sakarya Zone, northeastern Turkey

Aydin F.

INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW, vol.56, no.10, pp.1246-1275, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00206814.2014.933364
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1246-1275
  • Keywords: Turkey, Macka, subvolcanic intrusions, subduction-related magmatism, high-K calc-alkaline, magma mixing-mingling, slab rollback, ND ISOTOPIC CHARACTERISTICS, ALKALINE VOLCANIC-ROCKS, U-PB GEOCHRONOLOGY, LACHLAN FOLD BELT, I-TYPE GRANITOIDS, FISSION-TRACK, NE-TURKEY, MICROGRANITOID ENCLAVES, TECTONIC EVOLUTION, GUMUSHANE AREA
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The Macka subvolcanic intrusions (MSIs) in the eastern part of the Sakarya zone, northeastern Turkey, play a critical role in understanding the petrogenetic and geodynamic processes that took place during the growth of Late Cretaceous arc crust of this region. U-Pb zircon (79.97 +/- 0.97 Ma) and two Ar-40-Ar-39 amphibole ages (average 81.37 +/- 0.5 Ma) indicate that the MSIs were emplaced in Late Cretaceous (Campanian) time into the coeval volcanic rocks. A slightly younger zircon fission track (FT) age (73 +/- 9 Ma) points to a rapid exhumation and cooling after crystallization. The intrusions are observed in areas less than 1 km(2) in the field and contain abundant mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs). The host rocks (HRs) are entirely composed of tonalite (SiO2 = 63-65 wt.%, Mg# = 43-52), and the MMEs are gabbro-diorite in composition (SiO2 = 53-57 wt.%, Mg# = 45-48). Both the HRs and the MMEs are I-type, high-K calc-alkaline in composition and display a metaluminous character. They are characterized by geochemical features typical for magmas of subduction-related environments. Chondrite-normalized REE patterns are moderately fractionated [(La/Yb)(N) = 6-11] and display slightly negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.7-0.9), with weak concave-upward REE patterns, suggesting that amphibole fractionation played a role during their evolution. The MMEs have slightly different I-Sr (0.7081-0.7085) and epsilon(Nd) (-5.0 to -5.4) values compared with those of their HRs (I-Sr = 0.7084-0.7087 and epsilon(Nd) = -5.7 to -6.9), indicating that variable amounts of crustal and mantle components were involved in the generation of parental magma to these rocks. All of these data, combined with those of previous regional studies, suggest that the MSIs are hybrid in origin, produced by the mixing of enriched lithospheric mantle- and lower crust-derived melts in an extensional arc setting that was caused by slab rollback.