Novel Mannich bases derived from 1,2,4-triazoles: Design, synthesis, characterization, and glutathione S-transferase inhibition properties investigations

Akyıldırım O., Medetalibeyoğlu H., Oğuz E., Aras A., Atalay A., Korkmaz A., ...More

Journal of Molecular Structure, vol.1293, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1293
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2023.136321
  • Journal Name: Journal of Molecular Structure
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Enzyme inhibition, Glutathione S-transferase, Mannich bases, Molecular docking, Triazoles
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The reaction of variously substituted 1,2,4-triazole derivatives with morpholine and formaldehyde represents an efficient and easy-to-set synthetic entry toward heterocyclic N-Mannich bases. For this purpose, the synthesized Schiff Bases (3a-g) were reacted with formaldehyde and morpholine, a secondary amine, to yield novel N-Mannich bases (6a-g). The structures of the compounds (6a-g) were determined structurally by employing 1H/13C-NMR, IR, and elemental analysis. The synthesized compounds were screened for in vitro biological activity, and the bioanalysis results showed that the newly synthesized compounds had different in vitro enzyme inhibition activities against Glutathione S-transferase (GST). Their Ki values were calculated in the 2.69 ± 0.421–21.58±6.809 µM range. Besides, their IC50 values were calculated in the 1.975–2.753 µM range. Also, the potential inhibitory effects of the synthesized compounds on glutathione S-transferase enzyme were evaluated by in silico method. The highest affinity values for inhibition of glutathione S-transferase enzyme were observed as 6c (−7.7 kcal/mol), 6 g (−7.4 kcal/mol), and 6b (−6.8 kcal/mol), respectively, and they gave better affinity values than standard Ethacrynic acid. Furthermore, the absorption distribution, metabolism, and excretion properties (ADME), molecular properties, toxicity estimation, and compounds' bioactivity scores were evaluated.