Adsorption of Phenol from Aqueous Solution on a Low-Cost Activated Carbon Produced from Tea Industry Waste: Equilibrium, Kinetic, and Thermodynamic Study

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Gundogdu A., DURAN C., Senturk H. B., SOYLAK M., Ozdes D., Serencam H., ...More

JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING DATA, vol.57, no.10, pp.2733-2743, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/je300597u
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2733-2743
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The ability of activated carbon which was produced by chemical activation using zinc chloride from tea industry wastes (TIWAC) to adsorb phenol molecules from aqueous solution was tested by equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic parameters. Phenol adsorption on TIWAC took place with a high yield at pH values in the range 4 to 8. The optimum contact period was observed as 4.0 h and from the adsorption graphs plotted as a function of time; it was established that phenol adsorption on TIWAC conformed more to a pseudosecond-order kinetic model. Additionally, it was determined that the adsorption rate is controlled by intraparticle diffusion as well as film diffusion. It was established that phenol adsorption on TIWAC can be better defined by the Langmuir adsorption model and its adsorption capacity was 142.9 mg.g(-1) from the linear Langmuir equation. Temperature had an adverse effect on adsorption yield, and hence, the adsorption process was exothermic in our case. Moreover, increasing electrolyte concentration in the medium has a positive effect on adsorption yield. From the data obtained, it was concluded that the removal of phenol from aqueous solution by TIWAC produced from tea industry wastes with a very low cost took place with an extremely high performance.