Phylogenetic analysis based on the ITS, matK and rbcL DNA barcodes and comparison of chemical contents of twelve Paeonia taxa in Türkiye

Cetiz M. V., Turumtay E. A., Burnaz N. A., Özhatay F. N., Kaya E., Memon A., ...More

Molecular Biology Reports, vol.50, no.6, pp.5195-5208, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-023-08435-z
  • Journal Name: Molecular Biology Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.5195-5208
  • Keywords: Chemical content, ITS region, MatK, Molecular phylogeny, Paeonia, Türkiye
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Backgroud: Twelve taxa of herbaceous Paeonia species were recorded in Türkiye. All definitions were performed morphologically and/or anatomically and there is no study based on DNA barcode sequences. Three barcode regions were sequenced to determine the phylogenetic relationships of Turkish Paeonia taxa. The chemical comparison of roots was also investigated. Methods and results: The taxons were collected between May and June 2021 from nine cities. Leaf materials were used for DNA isolation and ITS, matK and rbcL regions were amplified and sequenced. There was no difference among taxa in terms of rbcL sequences. But the ITS and matK regions distinguished 12 taxa and structured them in two groups. ITS region distinguished P. peregrina, P. arietina, and P. tenuifolia from other taxa, while matK region distinguished P. arietina and P. witmanniana from other taxa. Both barcode sequences actually showed that the registration of P. mascula subsp. arasicola was actually 100% similar to P. arietina. ITS was the most polymorphic region (n = 54) followed by matK (n = 9). These sequences could successfully discriminate Paoenia species from each other and diploid P. tenuifolia. The methanolic root (100 gr) extracts were examined for total phenolic and flavonoid content, and antioxidant activities. Significant variation was found for polyphenolic content, and antioxidant properties (TPC from 204.23 to 2343.89 mg, TFC from 7.73 to 66.16 mg, and FRAP from 523.81 to 4338.62 mg). SC50 values of ABTS and DPPH were ranged from 115.08 to 1115.52 μg/ml and 73.83 to 963.59 μg/ml, respectively. Conclusion: It was concluded that 11 of 12 taxa had differences in terms of ITS and matK sequences and these region must be used for the correct identification of Turkish Paeonia.