The effect of various industrial dust particles on the performance of photovoltaic panels in Turkey

Güngör O., KAHVECİ H., Gökçe H. S.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.30, no.6, pp.15128-15144, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-022-23216-0
  • Journal Name: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.15128-15144
  • Keywords: Solar energy, Dust deposition, Industrial pollutants, Particle swarm optimization, Loss of power, Equivalent pollution rate, PV MODULES, ENERGY YIELD, DEPOSITION, ACCUMULATION, IMPACT, DEGRADATION, EFFICIENCY, SYSTEMS
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.The accumulation of dust is one of the main causes of power loss in photovoltaic (PV) farms, and the effect of dust particles’ size and chemistry on system performance is often overlooked. This study has focused on a comprehensive analysis of the effect of different dust particles collected from common industrial production facilities in Turkey on the performance of PV panels in the indoor laboratory environment. The collected dust samples were analyzed to determine the dust sample particles’ chemical properties, size, character, and topography. The data for dust samples at different weights with changes in maximum power point (MPP) of PV panel has been collected using the artificial solar irradiation source system. Thus, the mathematical correlations (R2≥0.965) between the PV panel Thevenin resistance (RTH), fill factor (FF), MPP, and pollution rate were obtained using these collected data and particle swarm optimization (PSO). According to the results of the obtained mathematical correlations, marble dust is 2.3, 3.4, and 4.2 times less polluting than cement, fly ash, and silica fume, respectively. Additionally, it was observed that smaller dust particles block more light than larger ones of the same weight and reduce MPP, FF while increasing the RTH.