Hot wear properties of ceramic and basalt fiber reinforced hybrid friction materials

Ozturk B., ARSLAN F., Ozturk S.

TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, vol.40, no.1, pp.37-48, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.triboint.2006.01.027
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.37-48
  • Keywords: hybrid friction material, basalt, ceramic, BRAKE FRICTION, GLASS, COMPOSITES
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study, hybrid friction materials were manufactured using ceramic and basalt fibers. Ceramic fiber content was kept constant at 10vol% and basalt fiber content was changed between 0 to 40vol%. Mechanical properties and friction and wear characteristics of friction materials were determined using a pin-on-disc type apparatus against a cast iron counterface in the sliding speeds of 3.2-12.8m/s, disc temperature of 100-350 degrees C and applied loads of 312.5-625N. The worn surfaces of the specimens were examined by SEM. Experiments show that fiber content has a significant influence on the mechanical and tribological properties of the composites. The friction coefficient of the hybrid friction materials was increased with increasing additional basalt fiber content. But the specific wear rates of the composites decreased up to 30vol% fiber content and then increased again above this value. The wear tests showed that the coefficient of friction decreases with increasing load and speed but increases with increasing disc temperature up to 300 degrees C. The most important factor effecting wear rate was the disc temperature followed by sliding speed. The materials showing higher specific wear rates gave relatively coarser wear particles. XRD studies showed that Fe and Fe2O3 were present in wear debris at severe wear conditions which is indicating the disc wear. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.