Double layered autogenous vein graft patch reconstruction of the common carotid-internal jugular fistula caused by gunshot wound

Kaklikkaya I., Ozcan F., Kutlu N.

JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, vol.40, no.3, pp.429-433, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.429-433
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Hereby we present a case with a common carotid-internal jugular fistula caused by gunshot wound. The patient was a 32-year old male who had an entrance hole of a bullet on his right anterior cervical area, at the C-4 level with a hematoma surrounding it. The exit hole could be detected at the sublingual area. By palpation a thrill and on auscultation a souffle was noted. Neither crepitation, nor any neurologic deficit or any symptom of Horner's syndrome was present. The emergency digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed a fistulisation to internal jugular vein (IJV) approximately 0.5 cm below the common carotid artery (CCA) bifurcation level. During the operation a hematoma and a false aneurysm was observed on the CCA. Also, proximally to the bifurcation, a communication of CCA with IJV was noted. The wall of the JJV was rather thinned and the size of the vessel had considerably enlarged. Following the evacuation of the hematoma and debridement, the integration of the artery was achieved by placing a double layered autogenous vein graft patch over the 0.5x1.5 cm defect. The 0.3x1.5 cm defect laterally over the IJV was primarily sutured. The patient was discharged on the fifth day. The control DSA taken on the twelfth day showed a perfect integration of the vessels. We considered the case noticeable due to its rather rare incidence and the double layered autogen vein patch graft reconstruction.