Platform-slope transition during rifting: The mid-Cretaceous succession of the Amasya Region (Northern Anatolia), Turkey


Yilmaz C.

JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, vol.27, no.2, pp.194-206, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2005.03.004
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.194-206

Abstract

The mid-Cretaceous rocks of the Amasya region, North Central Anatolia record the geological processes that occurred during the break up of the eastern Pontide carbonate platform which existed from mid-Jurassic to Early Cretaceous. The mid-Cretaceous sedimentary rocks consists of benthic foraminiferal packstones/grainstones of Ferhatkaya Formation, and limestone breccias, turbidites, pelagic foraminiferal wackestones/packstones and radiolarites of Sarilar Formation corresponding to platform, and slope/apron environments, respectively. The lithological development of these units was controlled mainly by active subsidence due to block-faulting affecting the Eastern Pontide carbonate platform. Due to the break-up of the platform during Late Barremian-Early Aptian times, slope and basin sediments were deposited on the deeper parts of the platform. Re-deposited sediments such as limestone breccias and calciturbidites document the infilling of asymmetric grabens during the mid-Cretaceous rifting phase. Re-deposited sequences, which were formed as a fault slope-apron sedimentary prism related to this rifting, were deposited during thinning-and-fining upward megacycles. A typical megacycle commences with breccias deposited at the base of a fault-scarp association. In addition, the upper part of the platform carbonates (Ferhatkaya Formation) includes neptunian dykes composed of red mudstones with pelagic fossils, indicating a period of extension. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.