Could Amifostine Prevent Experimental Radiotherapy-Induced Acute Pericarditis?


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BAHAT Z., ÇOBANOĞLU Ü., Ülkü C., KALYONCU N. İ., KARAHAN S. C., Yavuz M. N.

Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.23, no.9, pp.3209-3213, 2022 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.31557/apjcp.2022.23.9.3209
  • Journal Name: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.3209-3213
  • Keywords: Amifostine, Pericarditis, Prevention, Radiotherapy, Toxicity
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License.Background: Amifostine is a powerful antioxidant that is one of the documented three chemo-radio prototectants recommended for clinical use. There is no data exploring amifostine in prevention of acute pericardial damage. We aimed to investigate whether amifostine has protective effect against acute pericardial injury due to radiotherapy in an experimental rat model. Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups: control group, radiotherapy-only group, amifostine-only group, radiotherapy+amifostine group. In groups receiving radiotherapy, hearts were irradiated with a Co 60 teletherapy device at a distance of 80 cm and 20 Gy at a depth of 2 cm. Thirty minutes before interventions, 200 mg/kg amifostine or same volume 0.9% NaCl were administered intraperitoneally. Subjects were sacrificed 24 hours after the procedure. Pericardial histopathological changes were investigated by light microscopy. Results: There was focal inflammation of >= 50% in all rats exposed-to-radiotherapy. All groups receiving radiotherapy revealed a significant increase in pericardial inflammation compared to the groups that did not receive irradiation (p<0.05). There was no difference between the radiotherapy-only group and amifostine+radiotherapy group for pericardial inflammatory response (p>0.05). Conclusion: Acute pericarditis was detected in all rats receiving radiotherapy. There was no positive effect of amifostine administration before radiotherapy on acute pericardial inflammation.