Evaluation of 08 August 2019 Bozkurt (Denizli-Turkey, Mw 6.0) earthquake in terms of strong ground-motion parameters and Coulomb stress changes


Environmental Earth Sciences, vol.82, no.20, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12665-023-11162-0
  • Journal Name: Environmental Earth Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Bozkurt (Denizli) earthquake, Coulomb stress analysis, Earthquake triggering, Ground-motion prediction equations, Peak ground acceleration
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An earthquake with a moment magnitude (Mw) of 6.0 and a focal depth of 11 kms occurred in Bozkurt (Denizli, Turkey) on 08 August 2019. In this study, the peak ground acceleration (PGA) values of the Bozkurt earthquake recorded at stations are compared with four different ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs). Subsequently, the acceleration response spectrums belonging to three stations with PGA values of more than 50 gals are compared with both the GMPEs and the Turkish Building Earthquake Code. As a result of the conducted assessments, the values closest to the recorded PGA values are calculated with the AK14 equation. Additionally, it is observed that the response spectrums received from stations 2005 and 3205 achieved greater values than the TBEC 2018 design spectrums. In addition to these assessments, the stress tensor analysis is conducted for the area of the Bozkurt earthquake and principal stresses in parallel with the normal faulting are observed. The stress variations before and after the Bozkurt earthquake are examined with the Coulomb stress analysis. The focal mechanism data belonging to 12 earthquakes that occurred between 1965 and 2019 are utilized to model the variation of the stress before the mainshock, and it is observed that the Bozkurt earthquake occurred in the positive stress area. With post-mainshock stress variations, it is observed that the majority of the aftershocks occurred in the areas with high stress. The aftershocks generally occurred on the East-Southeast of the mainshock. Coseismic Coulomb stress variation is modelled using the fault focal mechanism solution calculated with the moment tensor solution using fault mechanism obtained by moment tensor inversion and the distribution of the earthquake epicenters is evaluated to be compatible. By modelling the stress variation, important information can be provided for earthquake hazard assessment studies. In addition, the reliability of earthquake risk mitigation studies can be further increased.