Contributions of mean and shape of blood pressure distribution to worldwide trends and variations in raised blood pressure: a pooled analysis of 1018 population-based measurement studies with 88.6 million participants


Zhou B., Bentham J., Di Cesare M., Bixby H., Danaei G., Hajifathalian K., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, vol.47, no.3, pp.872-892, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ije/dyy016
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.872-892
  • Keywords: Blood pressure, hypertension, population health, global health, non-communicable disease, CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS, HEALTH EXAMINATION SURVEYS, HYPERTENSION PREVALENCE, SECULAR TRENDS, SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS, URBAN COMMUNITIES, POTASSIUM INTAKE, GLOBAL TRENDS, UNITED-STATES, SODIUM-INTAKE

Abstract

Background: Change in the prevalence of raised blood pressure could be due to both shifts in the entire distribution of blood pressure (representing the combined effects of public health interventions and secular trends) and changes in its high-blood-pressure tail (representing successful clinical interventions to control blood pressure in the hypertensive population). Our aim was to quantify the contributions of these two phenomena to the worldwide trends in the prevalence of raised blood pressure.