Dry Sliding Friction and Wear Properties of Al-25Zn-3Cu-(0-5)Si Alloys in the As-Cast and Heat-Treated Conditions

Savaskan T., Bican O.

TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, vol.40, no.3, pp.327-336, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11249-010-9667-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.327-336
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Dry sliding friction and wear properties of ternary Al-25Zn-3Cu and quaternary Al-25Zn-3Cu-(1-5)Si alloys were investigated using a pin-on-disc test machine after examining their microstructures and mechanical properties. An alloy (Al-25Zn-3Cu-3Si), which exhibited the highest tensile and compressive strengths, was subjected to T7 heat treatment. Surface and subsurface of the wear samples were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The hardness and both tensile and compressive strengths of the alloys increased with increasing silicon content, but the trend reversed for the latter ones above 3% Si. It was observed that T7 heat treatment reduced the hardness and both tensile and compressive strengths of the Al-25Zn-3Cu-3Si alloy, but increased its elongation to fracture greatly. Three distinct regions were observed underneath the surface of the wear samples of the Al-25Zn-3Cu-3Si alloy. The formation of these regions was related to the heavy deformation of surface material and mixing, oxidation and smearing of wear material. Al-25Zn-based ternary and quaternary alloys in both as-cast and heat-treated conditions were found to be superior to SAE 660 bronze as far as their mechanical and dry sliding wear properties are concerned.