The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity. Consecutive patients (n = 360) with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled. Mean CIMT and the overall SYNTAX score (SXscore) were 0.87 +/- 0.12 mm and 15 +/- 9, respectively. In univariate analysis, there was a significant correlation between the overall SXscore and CIMT (r = .42, P < .001), age (r = .23, P < .001), hypertension (r = .27, P = 0.001), diabetes (r = 0.11, P = 0.02), smoking (r = .24, P = .01), dyslipidemia (r = .2, P = 0.03), and beta-blocker use (r = .19, P < .001). In multivariate analysis, CIMT (beta = .34, P < .001) and age (beta = .11, P < .019) were independently associated with SXscore. We have demonstrated a significant relation between CIMT and SXscore. Although this study is correlative and no causative conclusions can be drawn, our findings suggest that increased CIMT could reflect complex coronary artery lesions.