Effects of Na-doping on the efficiency of ZnO nanorods-based dye sensitized solar cells

Polat İ.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS, vol.25, no.9, pp.3721-3726, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Na-doped ZnO nanorods (Zn1-xNaxO: x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.04) were grown by a chemical bath deposition method on ZnO seeded FTO substrates. The influence of Na-doping on the efficiency of ZnO nanorods-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) was investigated. Undoped and Na-doped ZnO nanorods were used as photo-anodes for the fabricated DSSCs. X-ray diffraction measurements exhibited that all the samples had a wurtzite structure of ZnO with a preferred orientation of (002) plane. Scanning electron microscopy images of the samples revealed that all the samples displayed hexagonal shaped nanorods. It was observed from optical measurements that the band gap energy gradually decreased from 3.29 to 3.21 eV for undoped and 4 at.% Na-doped ZnO nanorods, respectively. Photoluminescence spectrum for undoped ZnO showed three peaks located at 379, 422, and 585 nm corresponding to UV emission, zinc vacancy, and deep level emission (DLE) peaks, respectively. When ZnO nanorods were doped with 2 at.% Na, the intensity of UV peak increased whereas the intensity of DLE peak decreased. The maximum conversion efficiency of DSSCs was found to be 0.22 % with a J(sc) of 0.80 mA/cm(2), V-oc of 0.49 V, and fill factor of 0.523 as ZnO nanorods were doped with 2 at.% Na atoms.