Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in rheumatic diseases

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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.53, no.6, pp.1537-1551, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0144.5723
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1537-1551
  • Keywords: crystal arthritis, Musculoskeletal ultrasonography, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Ultrasonography is an imaging technique based on sound waves used for the evaluation of soft tissues. Sound waves have been used for a long time in nonmedical fields, including military defense systems, radar systems, and detection of icebergs. Technological advances resulted in new techniques becoming available for medical imaging, including ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. Nowadays, the use of imaging has become a gold standard protocol in the diagnosis of many diseases, and recently developed diagnosis and therapy options provide more efficient treatment of rheumatic diseases. Thus, it has become possible to prevent structural damage and disability in patients with rheumatic disease. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography is becoming a preferred imaging technique for rheumatic diseases, as it has many advantages. Among its advantages are being inexpensive, being radiation-free, having a dynamic image capacity, helping to detect disease activity, and helping with early detection and diagnosis of structural damage. This review summarizes the use of ultrasonography in rheumatic diseases.