A Comparative Study of the Structural and Optical Properties of ZnS Films Deposited by Spray-Pyrolysis Technique

Najim A., Hartiti B., Nkuissi H. J. T., Labrim H., Fadili S., Ertugrul M., ...More

CRYSTAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.58, no.7, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/crat.202200280
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


This study aims at synthesizing zinc sulfide (ZnS) thin films using spray pyrolysis method. The effect of the Zn concentration on the physical properties of ZnS is investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-Vis spectrophotometer, photoluminescence (PL), and Raman spectroscopy. XRD shows a preferential orientation along the (111) direction corresponding to the ZnS cubic structure. Based on the XRD results, it is seen that low zinc concentrations compared to sulfur content can increase the crystalline quality of films. Raman spectra confirm the presence of the ZnS cubic structure observed by XRD and show the presence of sprayed ZnS vibrational modes for all films. PL emission spectrum of ZnS confirms the presence of Zn and S atoms at all molar concentrations. SEM reveals densely packed and uniformly distributed grains with precise shapes. The elemental analysis confirms the growth of stochiometric Zn/S ratio. The optical analysis shows a high transmittance around 88% in the visible range of the solar spectrum with optical band gaps varying from 3.4 to 3.6 eV. These properties are interesting and show that ZnS thin films can be used as buffer layers in thin film solar cells applications.