Clinical findings, etiological factors, and prognosis markers in status epilepticus: a university hospital experience

GÖL M. F., ERDOĞAN F. F., YETKİN M. F., Bolattürk Ö. F.

Neurological Research, vol.44, no.4, pp.371-378, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01616412.2021.1997009
  • Journal Name: Neurological Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.371-378
  • Keywords: Epilepsy, status epilepticus prognosis, status epilepticus severity score, modified Rankin scale, disability, NONCONVULSIVE STATUS EPILEPTICUS, REFRACTORY STATUS EPILEPTICUS, CONVULSIVE STATUS EPILEPTICUS, RISK-FACTORS, ADULTS, SCORE, EPIDEMIOLOGY, PREDICTORS, CRITERIA
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Objective: To determine the factors affecting mortality and disability in status epilepticus (SE) and to evaluate the prediction ability of the Status Epilepticus Severity Score (STESS) for disability and mortality. Materials and Method: The demographic and clinical characteristics, prognosis and prognosis predictors of 72 patients who were diagnosed with SE between 2013 and 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. The STESS was used to predict prognosis, and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to determine the disability at discharge. Results: The study population had a mean age of 45.4 ± 20.7, and it was found that mortality was 22.2% and acute symptomatic etiology played a 54.1% role in etiology. Advanced age, refractory SE or super-refractory SE, acute symptomatic etiology, and a history of epilepsy were related to mortality, symptomatic etiology (acute, progressive, remote), a history of hospitalization and epilepsy in intensive care or in other departments other than the neurology department were associated with disability. The sensitivity of STESS in predicting mortality was 100%, specificity was 69%, accuracy was 76.4%, positive predictive value (PPV) was 48.5%, and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 100%. The sensitivity of STESS in predicting mobilization during discharge was 55.6% with a 63.9% specificity and 59.7% accuracy, PPV was 60.6%, and NPV was 59%. Conclusion: It was observed that STESS strongly predicts a good prognosis; however, it was not found to be useful in predicting motor disability during discharge. Thus, new studies should be conducted to predict and evaluate mobility in SE patients at discharge.