Syringic acid alleviates cisplatin-induced ovarian injury through modulating endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammation and Nrf2 pathway


Demir E. A.

Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol.82, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2023.127356
  • Journal Name: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Cisplatin, Endoplasmic reticulum stress, Inflammation, Nrf2, Ovotoxicity, Oxidative stress, Syringic acid
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Reproductive toxicity is one of the most important side effects of cisplatin (CIS) and leading to discontinuation of treatment. Syringic acid (SA) is a phenolic acid whose industrial use has increased in recent years due to its antioxidant properties. Recent reports highlight the importance of the supressed Nrf2 pathway in the molecular pathogenesis of CIS toxicity. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of SA on CIS-induced ovotoxicity through the Nrf2 pathway for the first time. Material and methods: Thirty female rats were divided into 5 groups: control, CIS, CIS+SA (5 and 10 mg/kg) and only SA (per se, 10 mg/kg). CIS was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 5 mg/kg on the 1st day, injections of SA followed by three consecutive days in the rats. Serum anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) levels and ovarian oxidative stress (OS), inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), apoptosis and Nrf2 pathway markers were determined colorimetrically. Histopathological examinations of the ovaries with hematoxylin and eosin staining were also used to evaluate CIS-induced ovotoxicity. Results: The CIS treatment depleted serum AMH levels, caused histopathological findings and increased OS, inflammation, ERS and apoptosis levels in ovarian tissue. However, treatments with SA significantly ameliorated CIS-induced biochemical and histopathological changes by activating Nrf2 pathway. Conclusion: The promising adjuvant potential of SA to alleviate CIS-related ovarian damage should be supported by more comprehensive studies.