Effectiveness and Applicability of Pre And Post-Fıre Rehabilitation Projects in Fire Prone Areas: The Case of YARDOP Projects In TURKEY


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BİLGİLİ E., COŞKUNER K. A.

XIV WORLD FORESTRY CONGRESS, Durban, South Africa, 7 - 11 September 2015, pp.1-5

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Durban
  • Country: South Africa
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-5
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Rehabilitation of Burned Areas and The Establishment of Fire Resistant Forests (YARDOP) Projects have been widely implemented in fire prone areas in Turkey since 2008. The projects have been carried out in burned and unburned fire prone areas. In the application phase, the structure of the landscape has been redesigned using buffer zones and fuel breaks. Fuel brakes and buffer zones were up to 100 m in width and planted using local less flammable plant species as well as non-wood plant species of economic value. Project areas involved wildland-urban and forest-agricultural interfaces. Buffer zones were used in these areas to separate forest from and urban and agricultural areas. The total cost of the 64 projects were around 68 million $US, and the total area covered was 173.000 ha as of the end of 2013. The objective of this study is to present and evaluate the effectiveness and applicability of the large scale fuel management projects such as YARDOP from ecological, economic and social aspects. Seven year experience of YARDOP projects indicated that projects developed and implemented with the principle objective being successful fire suppression would be extremely limited and could not satisfy the ecological and economic expectations from them. A successful project development, planning and implementation calls for the cooperation and collaboration of all respective stakeholders including people living in and using the project area, and the integration of the ecological requirements of the ecosystem and its components into the planning process. In conclusion, results obtained from the study indicate that experiences gained from YARDOP projects are important and require genuine attention as many countries are struggling with fire problem in similar environmental conditions in the Mediterranean countries in particular and in the world in general. The results of this study are believed to make great contributions to the overall forest fire management planning.