Combining Climate Change Adaptation Strategies with Spatial Analysis and Transforming Urban Open Spaces into Landscape Design Solutions: Case of Trabzon City, Türkiye


Journal of Urban Planning and Development, vol.150, no.3, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/jupddm.upeng-4809
  • Journal Name: Journal of Urban Planning and Development
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Geobase, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Political Science Complete, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Climate change adaptation parameters, Climate-positive design, Landscape design process, Urban open space solutions in climate change
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Climate change is one of the main variables affecting the landscape design of urban open spaces. However, it is currently the case that climate change is not being considered as a factor in the design of every urban open space. This is leading to a decrease in the benefits that these areas, which are important for increasing the resilience capacity of cities, could provide. In addition, this approach is leading to a prolongation of the time required for the designs to provide a positive impact when they are ultimately put into practice, which has a knock-on effect on resetting our carbon footprint. This study covers the evaluation of spatial solutions for landscape designs created through spatial analyses using a case study and applying climate change adaptation strategies and a climate-positive design approach. The study was aimed at providing an example of how spatial solutions can be produced using climate change adaptation strategies in the redesigning of urban open green areas. The study also aimed to increase the ecosystem services and reduce the carbon footprint of the designs by integrating climate change adaptation strategies into the design process. In this context, the requirements identified through the spatial analyses were transformed into spatial solutions using climate change adaptation strategies, with 21 climate change adaptation parameters divided into six categories. These parameters were transformed into 47 spatial solutions. These spatial solutions were analyzed within the framework of land use, vegetation, water, and ecosystem services. Three-layered (trees, shrubs, perennials) planting decisions were made. Using a climate-positive design approach, it was found that the design created through spatial analysis would balance the carbon footprint only after 20 years, and that the design would produce 598,307 kg of CO2 after 50 years. This suggests that such designs should be evaluated within the scope of climate adaptation strategies as soon as possible. These findings should increase the level of awareness of the benefits that come from evaluating the spatial needs of cities in the design process in the context of climate change.