Characterizing and assessing key ecosystem services in a representative forest ecosystem in Turkey

Baskent E. Z.

Ecological Informatics, vol.74, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ecoinf.2023.101993
  • Journal Name: Ecological Informatics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Geobase, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Ecosystem services, Quantification, Mapping, Forest management planning, TIMBER, WATER
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Characterizing and managing multiple ecosystem services is vital for decision-making in sustainable forest management. This study focuses on characterizing and assessing the biophysical and spatial distribution of ecosystem services such as wood production, biodiversity and carbon sequestration in the Kumluca state forest (Turkey). The key ecosystem services were thematically characterized, economically valued, spatially mapped and mobilized as a knowledge-base for ecosystem based planning. Average wood production is higher (135.06 m3/ha) than the overall average (72 m3/ha) in Turkey. The average carbon stock is 119 tC/ha, indicating a medium capacity. The habitat potential for biodiversity is low to medium, based on the 15 target species. Total economic value of the key ecosystem services is estimated at US$624,748,191 (US$6132/ha). The composition and spatial distribution of vegetation determines the extent and potential of ecosystem services. This study emphasizes that comprehensive quantification as well as valuation of ecosystem services can facilitate underpinnings for efficient communication and good decision making in sustainable resource management for multiple values. The orchestrated vision of conservation and sustainable use of ecosystem services based on a comprehensive characterization, modeling, valuing and participatory approach is a strategy for sustainable forest management.